China's railway operating mileage has grown from 52,000 kilometers to more than 131,000 kilometers over the 40 years since opening-up, up 154.4 percent. China's operational high-speed railways have extended to 29,000 kilometers, two thirds of the world's total.
China has the world's most modern railway network as well as the most developed high-speed railway network. By the end of 2018, the passenger volume undertaken by the national railway reached 3.37 billion person-times, nearly half of the world’s population. And China-Europe rail service connected 108 cities in 16 countries in Asia and Europe. A total of 13,000 trains carried more than 1.1 mln TEUs.
The highways have grown from 96,000 to 136,500 kilometers from 2013 to 2017. In 2018, newly-built highway kilometerage reached 86,000, including 6,000 kilometers of expressways. 20,000 kilometers of national and provincial trunk highways were built or rebuilt. China now has the world's largest expressway network with 97 percent of cities, over 200,000 people and urban administrative centers covered by expressway networks.
By 2018, there were 235 civil aviation (certification) airports in Chinese mainland. In 2018, nine transport airports were newly built or resettled; six runways, 305 aircraft stands, and 1.33 million square kilometers of terminals were first put into service. China's civil aviation passenger transportation volume has maintained double-digit growth rate and the passenger throughput in 2018 hit 610 million person-times.
By the end of 2018, the number of China’s aviation transport enterprises reached 60. The length of newly opened routes in 2018 totaled 6,643 kilometers. The number of flight routes amounted to 4,206 (3,420 for domestic service and 786 for international service). Besides, 167 new international airlines were opened up, 105 of which involved in countries along the Belt and Road.
There were 2,444 berths of the 10,000 tonnage and above level in China as of the end of 2018, 2,007 of which were located in the coastal ports and the other 437 in inland ports.
China's port cargo throughput and container throughput have ranked No 1 in the world for more than 10 consecutive years. Among the top 10 ports in terms of global port cargo throughput and container throughput, seven of them are in China.
At present, Chinese ports have established links with more than 600 major ports in over 200 countries. More than 90 percent of the country's foreign trade is shipped through ports.
In terms of regional distribution, China has so far formed five major port clusters, namely, the Yangtze River Delta (Shanghai, Ningbo, and Lianyungang), Pearl River Delta (Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Shenzhen), Bohai Bay economic rim (Dalian, Tianjin and Qingdao), the southeast coastal region (Xiamen, Fuzhou and Quanzhou) and the southwest coastal region (Zhanjiang, Fangchenggang and Haikou).
In 2018, the length of new optical cable lines reached 5.78 million kilometers. The current length of optical cable lines in China is 43.58 million kilometers, leading the world.
At present, China has the world's largest 4G network, with 3.72 million base stations serving 1.17 billion subscribers.
In 2018, China’s broadband network picked up its speed, with over 70.3 percent of fixed Internet access rate reaching over 100 Mbps and the number of IPv6 address nearly doubled in contrast with 2017. By the end of 2018, the number of China's Internet users was 829 million and the Internet penetration rate reached up to 59.6 percent.
Over the past 40 years’ of investment and construction, China has developed a modern postal network consisting of aviation, railway and highway, connecting countryside with cities, and covering all parts of the nation.
As of the end of 2017, the total length of postal routes was 9.38 million kilometers and there were 278,000 postal outlets nationwide. At present, over 90 percent villages and towns have access to delivery outlets, which can basically meet the express service demands of 600 million people in rural areas.
In 2018, more than 50 billion express delivery services were completed nationwide. The volume of China's express delivery business ranked No 1 in the world for five consecutive years.
The number of parcel deliveries in China has surpassed those of developed economies such as the US, Japan, and Europe. The industry's growth in China accounts for over 50 percent of its growth around the world. China is a power source and stabilizer for the the world's courier industry.